14 sept, 2023

How RBI Repo Rate Hike Will Impact Loan and Deposit Rates?


Understanding the dynamics of the repo rate of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is crucial for anyone navigating the financial landscape. The repo rate is a key monetary policy tool that influences interest rates across the economy. In this blog, we'll delve into the significance of the RBI repo rate and explore the repercussions of a repo rate hike on loan services and deposit rates.

What is RBI Repo Rate and How Does It Work?

The repo rate, short for repurchase rate, is the interest rate at which commercial banks borrow money from the RBI by selling their securities. It serves as a benchmark for the entire interest rate structure in the economy. When the RBI changes the repo rate, it sends a signal to the banking system about the prevailing economic conditions.

RBI Repo Rate History Chart:

To understand the current scenario, let's take a glance at the RBI repo rate history chart. A quick look at the chart reveals trends, patterns, and the RBI's responses to economic challenges over time.

Impact of Increase in Repo Rate on Loan and Deposit Rates:

When the repo rate is increased by the RBI, it results in a surge of interest rates across the financial ecosystem.

Loan Rates:

The Impact of an increase in the repo rate usually leads to higher borrowing costs for banks. To maintain their profit margins, banks often pass on this increased cost to consumers by raising interest rates on loans such as home loans, personal loans, and car loans. This means that borrowers may experience an uptick in the cost of borrowing.

Deposit Rates:

On the flip side, the impact on deposit rates can be favorable for savers. Banks may offer higher interest rates on fixed deposits (FDs) to attract more funds from depositors. This can be a silver lining for those looking to grow their savings through fixed-income instruments.

What is the Effect of Repo Rate Increase on FD?

Fixed deposits, a popular investment choice for risk-averse individuals, can be significantly affected by changes in the repo rate. When the RBI raises the repo rate, banks may enhance the interest rates offered on fixed deposits. This move is aimed at encouraging people to deposit more funds with banks, thereby aiding liquidity management.

The connection is simple: as the RBI's repo rate goes up, so do fixed deposit (FD) interest rates, and when the repo rate drops, FD rates also fall. In essence, changes in the RBI's repo rate directly shape FD interest rates– leading to a correlating effect between repo rate and FD.

Why RBI Increases Repo Rate:

The RBI may decide to increase the repo rate for various reasons. Some common scenarios include:

1. Inflation Control: To curb rising inflation, the RBI may increase the repo rate to make borrowing more expensive, thereby cooling down spending and economic activity.

2. Currency Stability: A repo rate hike can attract foreign capital, supporting the stability of the domestic currency.

3. Economic Overheating: If the economy is growing too fast, a repo rate increase can act as a brake by making borrowing costlier and slowing down spending.

RBI increases the rate of interest in the situation of high inflation, the RBI tries to reduce the amount of money circulating in the economy. One way it does this is by raising the repo rate. This makes it more expensive for businesses to borrow money, slowing down investments and reducing the overall money flow in the market.

RBI repo rate revision as on June 8, 2023, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) declared a 25 basis points hike in the repo rate, bringing the current rate to 6.50%, up from its previous level of 6.25%.


In conclusion, staying informed about changes in the RBI repo rate is essential for making informed financial decisions. As a consumer, understanding the impact of a repo rate hike on loans and deposit rates empowers you to adapt to the evolving economic landscape. Keep an eye on market trends, consider your financial goals, and be prepared to adjust your strategies accordingly. By staying proactive, you can navigate the fluctuations in interest rates and make the most of your financial endeavors. Stay informed, stay empowered!

FAQ: Understanding the Dynamics of RBI Repo Rate

1. What happens if RBI increases the repo rate?

When the RBI raises the repo rate, borrowing becomes costlier for banks. This often leads to an increase in interest rates across the financial sector, impacting loans, including personal loans and home loans. Higher repo rates are typically associated with a slowdown in economic growth.

2. Will FD rates increase in 2024?

Predicting FD rates for a specific year involves various factors, including economic conditions and RBI policies. While an increase in the repo rate might influence FD rates, other factors like inflation and market conditions also play a role. Monitoring financial news and updates can provide insights into potential changes.

3. Should I withdraw from the current FD if there is an increase in FD rates?

The decision to withdraw from an existing FD depends on individual financial goals and the terms of the FD. While an increase in FD rates may be appealing, consider factors like withdrawal penalties and the overall financial strategy before making a decision.

4. How does RBI calculate the repo rate?

The RBI calculates the repo rate based on the liquidity needs in the economy. It considers factors such as inflation, economic growth, and money supply. The repo rate is set during monetary policy meetings where the Monetary Policy Committee assesses the current economic scenario.

5. How does repo rate impact a consumer?

The repo rate influences interest rates across the financial sector, affecting consumers in various ways. Changes in the repo rate can impact loan EMIs, credit card interest rates, and fixed deposit returns. Consumers should stay informed about repo rate movements to make informed financial decisions.